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YOU ASKED: US COUNTER TERRORISM STRATEGY VS UK COUNTER TERRORISM STRATEGY

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Looking back on the past 15 years, there is little doubt that the 9/11 attacks profoundly altered the landscape of international security. Although terrorism is by no means a new phenomenon, (it has existed since 66AD with the sicarii, a splinter group of the Hebrew Zealots, whose activities easily fall within the scope of terrorism), the September 11 attacks certainly marked the end of an era and the beginning of another. While the association of transnational terrorism with Islam pre-dated 9/11, was often narrowly limited to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, the association of Arabs and Muslims in general with terrorism became the quintessential stereotype evoked in all international security debates, following the 9/11 attacks. Despite the fact that there is no universal agreement regarding the definition of terrorism (as it is dependent on individual worldviews, belief continua and personal experiences) and the debate continues to be contentious, most people agree that terrorism -…

YOU ASKED : IS TERRORISM -REALLY- A RATIONAL CHOICE??? THE RATIONAL CHOICE THEORY CONTINUUM

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The study of terrorism has always been a complex, challenging and multifarious task. Though Terrorism Studies were largely part of a niche epistemic community –at least for the first part of the 20th century-, after 9/11 the multidisciplinary field of terrorism experienced tremendous growth. The unprecedented attacks of September 11th provoked a vivid interest from counter-terrorism related research communities and previous attacks were reevaluated in order (for experts) to gain further insight into the ever-changing international security milieu. The increased frequency and wide persistence of acts of terrorism in all its forms has transformed the erstwhile fledgling field of terrorism into the “haut” field, more popular than ever. The common narrative propelled by the media is that terrorism actually represents a psychopathology and conventional wisdom often portrays terrorists as insane and/or psychopaths, who commit indiscriminate acts of violence, without any larger goal beyond re…

YOU ASKED: ORGANIZED CRIME VS TERRORISM: WHICH ONE IS THE BIGGER THREAT? ARE THEY CONVERGING?

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TERRORISM VS ORGANIZED CRIME
It is no secret that after the fall of the “Iron Curtain”,  the collapse of the Soviet Union and the subsequent opening of the borders, radical changes were brought about in all aspects of social life. It was around that time that the boundaries between terrorism and organized crime became problematically indiscernible. Years before terrorism had its “golden age”, organized crime was on a pedestal, flourishing and expanding at an unprecedented pace. It was the most profitable business thanks to its transnationality, manifold nature and globalized marketplace. Organized crime includes -but is not limited to- drug trafficking, human trafficking, money laundering, arms trafficking, counterfeit goods etc. While Europol’s 2007 Organized Crime Threat Assessment stresses that organized crime does not pose a substantial security threat to EU Member-States, when it is linked to transnational terrorist groups, the threat assessment changes dramatically, since the syne…

YOU ASKED:CAN INTELLIGENCE AGENCIES REALLY PROTECT US? CAN INTELLIGENCE FAIL? EXAMPLES

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Generally speaking, the intelligence management cycle refers to the continuous process of tasking, collecting, processing, analyzing, and disseminating intelligence information. It constitutes the overarching element and guiding principle of the Intelligence Community in the context of government and/or military affairs and it is used in net assessment and strategic planning by “those who are often referred to, within the Intelligence Community, as intelligence "consumers"—that is, policymakers, military officials, and other decision makers who need intelligence information in conducting their duties and responsibilities”. The intelligence cycle itself, consists of six operational activities and processes including requirements,collection, processing and exploitation, analysis and production, dissemination and consumption, and feedback. It has been repeatedly observed that when the intelligence information is properly managed, evaluated and utilized, it can be among the most…